Judicial and Quasi-judicial Authority under Law of Torts

Judicial and Quasi-judicial Authority
under Law of Torts

by LawBhoomi
August 21, 2020

On the other hand, quasi-judicial authorities are those who are not part of the court system but have been given certain powers to make decisions on matters related to law.

The immunity granted to judicial officers and quasi-judicial authorities is known as judicial immunity. This means that they cannot be held liable for any wrongdoings or negligence in their official capacity. This immunity is provided so that they can perform their duties without fear of being sued for any mistakes or errors made while discharging their duties. The purpose of this immunity is to protect them from frivolous lawsuits and allow them to do their job without fear of repercussions.

However, this immunity does not extend to all acts done by these officials. It only applies when they are acting within the scope of their authority and in good faith. If it is found that they have acted maliciously or with gross negligence, then they may still be held liable for damages caused by their actions.

This immunity is granted to them so that they can perform their duties without any fear of being sued for their decisions.

1. Judicial immunity is a legal doctrine that protects judges from being held liable for their judicial acts, even when they are found to be in error.

2. The purpose of judicial immunity is to ensure that judges can make decisions without fear of personal repercussions or retribution.

  • 2. Secondly, the defence of qualified privilege is based on the principle that a person should be able to speak freely and without fear of legal repercussions in certain circumstances. [2]

    3. Thirdly, the defence of qualified privilege applies when the statement made is relevant to the occasion on which it was made and is made in good faith. [3]

    4. Fourthly, the defence of qualified privilege does not apply if the statement was made with malice or recklessness. [4]

    5. Finally, for a successful application of this defence, it must be shown that there was no other reasonable way for the defendant to protect their interests than by making the statement in question. [5]

  • 3. Thirdly, the defence of necessity should be based on a reasonable belief that the action taken was necessary to prevent a greater harm or evil. This means that the action taken must be proportionate to the harm or evil which it seeks to prevent. The court will consider whether there were any other reasonable alternatives available and whether the action taken was reasonable in all the circumstances.

The court held that the judge was entitled to absolute immunity because he was acting within his jurisdiction and performing a judicial act. The court further held that even if the judge acted in an unconstitutional manner, he would still be immune from liability as long as he did not act in bad faith or with malicious intent. The court also noted that the fact that the act was morally reprehensible does not affect the judge’s immunity.

In conclusion, Stump v. Sparkman established that judges are provided with absolute immunity when they are performing their duties within their jurisdiction, regardless of whether or not their actions are morally reprehensible.

The court held that the judge was not immune from liability as his actions were ultra vires.

In conclusion, judicial immunity is a privilege granted to judges in order to protect them from being sued for their decisions and judgments. This privilege is based on the legal maxims of intra and ultra vires, wherein if a decision is made within their power (intra), granting immunity is easier and right in this matter. However, if it made beyond their powers (ultra), the privilege shall not be granted.

the defendant was to pay Harris $25,000 in damages.

The judgment in this case is a civil judgment, meaning that it is a court order requiring the defendant to pay the plaintiff (Harris) a certain amount of money as compensation for damages caused by the defendant’s actions. The $25,000 awarded to Harris is meant to compensate him for any emotional distress or financial losses he may have suffered due to the defendant’s comments and threats.

  • “..the plaintiff claims that he has become an object of hatred of his fellow officers; that his life has been threatened; that he fears for his personal safety and the safety of his wife; that he has spent considerable sums for his legal defence; that he has been deprived of opportunities for advancement; and that he suffers loss of credit, loss of good name, humiliation, mental distress, and embarrassment.â€

Judge Harvey was not granted immunity because the matters he was dealing with were outside of his jurisdiction.

1. The officer is not liable for the tort of false imprisonment as it was a quasi-judicial act.
2. The officer is immune from any civil or criminal proceedings in respect of his acts done in good faith and within the scope of his authority.

Thirdly, it should be exercised in a fair and reasonable manner. This means that the decision should not be biased or influenced by any external factors. Fourthly, it should be based on facts and evidence. This is important to ensure that the decision is made objectively and without any prejudice. Lastly, it should be consistent with the law and regulations of the country or state. This ensures that the decision is in line with existing laws and regulations.

Quasi-judicial immunity is an important concept in the functioning of various authorities. It provides public officers with protection from civil liability for their actions taken within the scope of their authority. This concept was extended to public officers who did not previously enjoy this privilege in the case of Hoppe v. Klapperich. In this case, the municipal court judge was held to have acted outside his jurisdiction when he issued a warrant without a proper complaint. The extension of quasi-judicial immunity to public officers helps ensure that they can carry out their duties without fear of being held liable for any mistakes or errors made in good faith. This helps promote efficiency and accountability in government operations and allows public officials to do their jobs without worrying about potential legal repercussions.

However, it is important to note that these immunities should not be used as a shield to protect oneself from any wrong doings or abuse of power. It is important for the authorities to understand the limits of their powers and use them judiciously.

the UNODC will be responsible for monitoring and ensuring that all member states comply with international laws and regulations.

The UNODC also works to ensure that all countries have access to the necessary resources to combat crime, including providing technical assistance and capacity building. The organization also works to strengthen international cooperation in criminal justice matters, such as extradition, mutual legal assistance, and asset recovery. In addition, the UNODC is responsible for promoting public awareness of crime prevention and criminal justice issues. It also provides support for victims of crime through its Victim Assistance Program.

The UNODC has been successful in its efforts to reduce crime around the world by working with governments, civil society organizations, and other stakeholders to develop effective strategies for combating transnational organized crime. The organization has also been instrumental in helping countries develop their own national strategies for tackling organized crime. By doing so, it has helped many countries strengthen their criminal justice systems and improve their ability to investigate and prosecute criminals.

  • “..while all experts agree on the necessity of shielding judges from consequences of decisions they have made in good faith and in accordance with accepted judicial integrity principles, they also agree that such immunities needed to be better defined, and better communicated to the public.

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  • “judicial immunity must be a shield for the community, not a sword against it,†explained one senior judge. “Judicial immunity must not be seen as a carte blanche,†explained another, “nor be conflated in the mind of the public with judicial impunity.â€[6]


  1. D Thompson, “Judicial Immunity and Protection of Justicesâ€.
    Accessed 22 July 2020
  2. Stump v. Sparkman 435 U.S. 349 (1978)
  3. Harris v. Harvey 436 F. Supp. 143 (E.D. Wis. 1977)
  4. Edwin C. Ratiner, “Municipal Tort Liability — “Quasi Judicial†Actsâ€, 14 U. Miami L. Rev. 634 (1960)
    Accessed 23 July 2020
  5. Hoppe v. Klapperich 224 Minn. 224, 28 N.W.2d 780 (1947).
  6. “Judicial Immunity protects judges and society at large†(UNDOC, 30 August 2019)
    Accessed 23 July 2020
  • Author Details: Sakshi Raj (O.P. Jindal Global University)
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